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WHAT IS IMMUNIZATION AND WHY IT IS IMPORTANT FOR INFANTS?

Polio Drop for Infant

There is an advertisement where Mr. Amitabh Bachan talks about “2 boondzindagike” for infants which is actually talking about the immunization against polio virus among small kids.

If we look deep into what is immunization, then it is a process through which people are protected against illness caused by microorganism infection (formally called pathogens).

In most cases, a vaccination contains an agent that looks like a disease-causing microbe. Your immune system recognizes and eliminates this biological preparation when it is injected into your body.

Polio Drop for Infant

Your immune system, on the other hand, remembers the agent and protects you from disease the next time the bacterium hits. Vaccines are usually created from the toxins of a bacterium that has been killed or weakened.

Infections are incredibly harmful to infants, which is why immunization is so crucial to protect them. Immunizations serve to reduce illness transmission and protect newborns and toddlers from potentially fatal consequences.

Polio Drop IS IMPORTANT FOR INFANTS

WHY IT IS IMPORTANT FOR INFANTS

Immunization is a power that helps you to protect your child from life-threatening diseases during the time when his/her immunity is very weak.

Thanks to safe and effective vaccines, some diseases that used to harm or kill thousands of children have been completely eradicated, while others are on the approach of extinction.

Vaccination protects children from serious illness and complications associated with vaccine-preventable diseases, which can include limb amputation, paralysis, hearing loss, convulsions, brain damage, and death.

Vaccine-preventable diseases like measles, mumps, and whooping cough continue to be a hazard.

If children aren’t vaccinated, they risk infecting other children who are too young to be vaccinated, as well as those with compromised immune systems, such as transplant recipients and cancer patients. For these susceptible people, this could lead to long-term difficulties and even death.

Vaccination is a very safe and effective way to avoid infection. Vaccines are only given to children after scientists, doctors, and other healthcare professionals have thoroughly examined them.

Vaccines may cause some discomfort at the injection site, such as soreness, redness, or sensitivity, but it is less to the pain, and damage caused by diseases. After immunization, serious side effects, such as a severe allergic reaction, are exceedingly rare.

For almost all children, the disease-prevention advantages of vaccinations outweigh the potential negative effects.

Immunization is less expensive than treatment for the diseases that vaccines protect you from.

IMMUNIZATION HELP TO SAVE MONEY, TIME, AND GRIEF.

Vaccinating your child can save their life, which is the most crucial reason for baby vaccines. Vaccinating your children, however, saves you money in other areas. You are rescuing your child from the agony and suffering associated with VCDs, even if the infection would not have been fatal. You’ll also avoid the heartbreak of witnessing your child fall unwell. Finally, you save time and money by not having to go to the doctor or the hospital for treatment of a dangerous sickness that could have been avoided with vaccination. 

NOW THE BIGGEST QUESTION WHICH COMES TO THE HEAD OF A MOTHER “IS VACCINATION SAFE FOR AN INFANT”?

Vaccination is a fairly safe method of disease prevention. However, no drug can ever be guaranteed to be completely safe. Vaccination’s advantages significantly outweigh the chances of contracting a life-threatening disease.

Vaccines, like all drugs, can cause negative effects. Almost all of these are modest side effects, such as injection site pain or a moderate temperature. The majority of side effects are transient and do not cause long-term difficulties.

A minor reaction indicates that the vaccine is working as intended on the immune system. More significant side effects are extremely rare, however, allergic reactions are possible.

In the first several weeks after receiving the first and second rotavirus vaccine doses, about 1 in 17,000 newborns may suffer intussusception.

If your child has a temperature of more than 38.50 degrees Celsius on the day of immunization, they should not be vaccinated. Although valid medical reasons for not vaccinating children are uncommon, seek medical advice if you are unsure.

HERD IMMUNITY AND ITS WORKING

Herd immunity is achieved when a large number of people in a community get inoculated against the same disease. Because most people are immune, diseases cannot easily transmit from person to person when this occurs. Even for people who cannot be vaccinated, such as infants, this gives a layer of protection against the disease.

Herd immunity also helps to reduce outbreaks by making disease transmission more difficult. The sickness will grow increasingly infrequent, eventually disappearing from the community entirely.

DESCRIPTION OF VACCINES

Padiatric Vaccine

The following are the most important things to know about each of these vaccinations.

HepB: Hepatitis B protection (infection of the liver). HepB is administered in three doses. The first shot is administered shortly after birth. In most areas, a kid must be vaccinated against Hepatitis B before starting school.

RV: Prevents rotavirus, a common cause of diarrhea. Depending on the vaccination used, RV is given in two or three doses.

Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis (DTaP): Protects against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (whooping cough). It requires five doses during childhood and adolescence. During youth and adulthood, Tdap or Td boosters are given.

Hib: Haemophilus influenza type b protection. This infection was once one of the most common causes of bacterial meningitis. Three or four doses of Hib immunization are given.

PCV: Prevents pneumonia and other pneumococcal infections. PCV is given in four different dosages.

IPV (Influenza Virus Vaccine) is a four-dose vaccine that protects against polio.

Influenza (flu): It protects you from getting the flu. This is an annual vaccine that is given during the season. Starting at the age of 6 months, your child can receive flu vaccines once a year. (The first dose for any child under the age of eight is two doses separated by four weeks.) The flu season can last anywhere from September through May.

MMR vaccination (measles, mumps, and rubella): prevents measles, mumps, and rubella (German measles). It is given in 2 doses. Infants aged 12 to 15 months should get the first dosage. The second dose is often given between the ages of 4 and 6. It can, however, be given for up to 28 days after the first dose.

VACCINES: ARE THEY RISKY?

In a nutshell, no. Children have been demonstrated to be safe when given vaccines. Vaccines do not appear to be a cause of autism.

Vaccines have been demonstrated to prevent children from some very deadly diseases, in addition to being safe to use. All of the diseases that vaccines currently assist to prevent are used to make people severely sick or even kill them. Chickenpox, in particular, can be fatal.

Vaccines can cause minor adverse effects like redness and swell around the injection site. In a few days, these adverse effects should go away.

Serious adverse effects, such as a life-threatening allergic reaction, are extremely uncommon. The disease’s hazards are significantly bigger than the vaccine’s potential of major adverse effects. Inquire with your child’s doctor about the safety of immunizations for children.

CONCLUSION

Vaccines play a critical role in keeping your child safe and healthy. Have a consultation with the paediatrician or your child’s doctor if you come across any doubt regarding vaccination or immunization schedule or how to begin if your child didn’t start receiving vaccines from birth.

This article has been written by Shivani Garg and the opinions expressed herein are the author’s own and do not reflect the view of 9HappyMonths. You can contact the author at shivanianugarg@gmail.com

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