Most pregnant women worry about their weight gain during pregnancy. Those who are underweight, always stress about the fact that their baby needs more nutrition to grow than they can provide and hence they must ‘eat for two‘.
On the other side are mothers who are overweight and are always conscious of the fact that excessive weight gain during pregnancy is linked with adverse conditions like gestational diabetes and high BP. For expecting mothers, gaining optimum weight during pregnancy is always a conundrum.
The best person to answer this question for you, is your gynecologist. As a benchmark you can consider that a weight gain between 10 and 16 kilos over the whole pregnancy period is normal. And this too is not evenly distributed during the nine months. You gain almost no weight during the first trimester and much of it is put on during the second and third trimester when your baby’s growth is the fastest and the most noticeable.
Mothers who are overweight on body-mass index should focus on the quality of food rather than on the quantity. This means more of proteins, vitamins and minerals compared to carbs. And there are foods which must be avoided for a healthy pregnancy.
Underweight mothers should have well rounded diets and really follow the instructions of their gynecologists, as low weight during pregnancy can have serious implications, like low fetal weight, pre-term delivery and increased risk of infant mortality.